This course will be dedicated to the different approaches to the question of why we attribute this or that meaning to different events and things that are proposed by such disciplines as history, sociology, philosophy and anthropology. How can we explain the way Indians see the world? How did education, as well as social and cultural context, influence the world-view of an Italian miller in 16th century such that he was denounced as heretic? And, finally, why do we believe (or disbelieve) propaganda? During the course we will answer these questions using the works of C. Levi-Strauss, E. Durkheim, M. Douglas, C. Ginzburg and others.