State is a creation of nature and man is by nature a political animal
Man is a unique social species. He generates emergent social structures ranging from groups, cultures to countries. These social structures are intricately evolved from the neural cues. Consequent social behaviors protect these social structures to survive and reproduce. Krishna is passionate about understanding how various social informations, identities, behaviours of human are learnt, stored and retrieved.
He is studying an important area of the brain called hippocampus- ‘seat of memory’ and ‘social memory’. CA2 region of hippocampus forms social memory, a sort of social ID tag to identify/discriminate others in group, race, religion, culture.
We engage in both learned and innate social interactions that foster cooperation, and drive competition for mates, food. In this context he wants to study neural basis of prosocial behavior, aggression, social dominance, social defeat, learnt helplessness, subaltern consciousness.
In addition, he is interested in extrapolating the findings of neural basis of such behaviours from an individual to society and interpolate the contemporary political developments to individual’s behavior.
Krishna sees neural blueprint of Gramscian hegemony at organism level. He hypothesises that social dominance practiced in various cultures epigenetically fortifies the ‘neural substrates’ for such behaviors leading to social conditioning. People in those hegemonic societies are cognitively conditioned.
State apparatus, media, religion and economic institutions are used as tools to fortify this mental framework in such hegemons. Russian Nobel laureate Ivan Pavlov’s ‘Pavlovian classical conditioning’ is used to explain social conditioning by Edward Bernay’s ‘Propaganda’ and Chomsky’s ‘Manufacturing consent’.
But this hypothesis needs an extensive empirical research involving multidisciplinary specialists such as historians, political scientists, economists, media experts, anthropologists and other disciplines of humanities to conclude and set a global debate on the challenges that the future faces.